Many potential patients for surgery are a concern to know about aortic valve replacement Surgery cost In India? The Average cost of aortic valve replacement Surgery In India usually starts $7,000 however, it may go up to as much as $10,000. it depends on the hospital charges and the fee charged by the surgeon. This price usually does not cover the post-operational physiotherapy program. Additional costs also involve the diagnostics before the surgery and pre-operational consultations.
Aortic valve repair or an open-heart surgery technique through which damaged or diseased aortic valve is replaced with an artificial heart valve to treat problems associated with the aortic valve. one of four valves that control blood flow through the heart.
When the heart valve opens, the blood flow through your heart into the aorta and on your body. These heart valves help the blood to stream the correct way through the heart. At the point when the aortic valve closes, it limits the blood to flow from the wrong direction back into your heart. This cycle repeats with each heartbeat. If the heart valve gets damaged, defective or somewhat blocked your Surgeon may suggest having Heart Valve Replacement Surgery.
When the aortic valve isn’t working properly, it can discourage blood flow just as pressurize the heart to work appropriately to supply the essential blood to the rest of your body. An aortic valve replacement technique includes open-heart surgery by means of a sternotomy, minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). It is viewed as a Complex activity and isn’t suitable for everybody and may take a longer time to recover. In remarkable cases, aortic valve disease might not have anywarning signs or symptoms for many years. While others may experience breathlessness, weakness, chest pain, loss of consciousness, arrhythmia, heart attack, and sudden cardiac arrest. Aortic valve Repair or aortic valve Replacement can cure aortic valve infections or illness, and furthermore holds common blood flow, limit the symptoms, and improve the heart functioning.
There might be a blockage or flawed improvement of the valves, with the end goal that the blood doesn’t move freely and may also revert back to the preceding chamber. This may cause the blood to flow incorrectly or the heart to get stressed while pumping blood.
The primary reasons because of which the aortic valve may need to be replaced can be stated as:-
For mitral valves, one extra factor has been believed to go about as a reason for replacement of the valve separated from the previously mentioned ones. If a individual experiences rheumatic fever, a complexity from a Streptococcus infection in the heart, the mitral valve may get narrow, a condition known as mitral valve stenosis. Hence, broad Consultation from doctors or cardiologists is the first step to cover, before going under the Knife.
There are numerous benefits to repairing the mitral valve instead of replacing it:
Symptoms vary in case of heart valve diseases. It is because sometimes it doesn’t show any symptoms, whereas sometimes people may suddenly experience them. The common symptoms of heart valve disease are:
Here are the Common Signs and symptoms of aortic valve disease:
Open Aortic Valve Replacement via Sternotomy– wherein damaged aortic valve is replaced by surgery
In this procedure, tiny incisions are made in the chest instead of large openings. This will give a quicker recovery than normal surgical procedures, and the patients have less discomfort than the conventional ones.
It is a minimally invasive process in which surgeon inserts a catheter into bone marrow and reaches the major artery. Then, they weave a new valve into the damaged one without removing the valve.
Aortic valve repair is Generally performed through traditional open-heart surgery and opening of the chest bone (sternotomy). Surgeons wire the bone back together after the procedure to prevent movement and aid in healing.
Aortic valve repair procedures may involve several different types of repair, including:
After aortic valve replacement surgery, you are likely to spend a day or more in the intensive care unit (ICU) depending on your condition and procedure and later you will be moved to a regular ward for about a week.
You’ll be given fluids, oxygen, nutrition, and medications through intravenous (IV) lines. Other tubes will be used to drain urine from your bladder and drain fluid and blood from your chest.
During your stay in the hospital, your Surgeon will look for signs of infection in your incision sites, will also be periodically checking your blood pressure, breathing and heart rate, and will also work with you to manage any pain you experience after surgery.
The patient will be advised to take rest and limit their activities initially. However, at a later stage doctor may suggest you walk & start breathing exercise regularly, or join a cardiac rehabilitation program when you are recovering.
The recovery time may vary depending on a patient’s age, type of surgery and overall health before surgery.
Your breastbone will usually take about 6 to 8 weeks to heal, however, it may take 2 to 3 months before you get back to your normal self again.
Valve repair or replacement is generally safe. Because Aortic valve replacement surgery is an open-heart surgery, you might have complications during or after your procedure. Possible complications include:
A recent study found that aortic valve replacement surgery has a 94 percent five-year survival rate. Survival rates depend on:
Possible risks of Aortic valve repair or Aortic valve replacement surgery include: Bleeding during or after the surgery. Blood clots that can cause heart attack, stroke, or lung problems. Infection.
Cardiologists expect wider use of the less-invasive technique—known as TAVR—in the near future. The one-way valve inside your aorta opens to allow blood to surge from the heart to the rest of your body.
For aortic valve replacement patients in general, this loss was 1.9 years. Without treatment, however, the mean survival for these patients is two to three years. The researchers found no differences in loss of life expectancy between women and men.