What is the cost of aortic valve replacement surgery in India?

Many potential patients for surgery are a concern to know about aortic valve replacement Surgery cost In India? The Average cost of aortic valve replacement Surgery In India usually starts $7,000 however, it may go up to as much as $10,000. it depends on the hospital charges and the fee charged by the surgeon. This price usually does not cover the post-operational physiotherapy program. Additional costs also involve the diagnostics before the surgery and pre-operational consultations.

Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery Cost In India | Medicare Spots

What Is Aortic Valve Replacement?

Aortic valve repair or an open-heart surgery technique through which damaged or diseased aortic valve is replaced with an artificial heart valve to treat problems associated with the aortic valve. one of four valves that control blood flow through the heart.

 

When the heart valve opens, the blood flow through your heart into the aorta and on your body. These heart valves help the blood to stream the correct way through the heart. At the point when the aortic valve closes, it limits the blood to flow from the wrong direction back into your heart. This cycle repeats with each heartbeat. If the heart valve gets damaged, defective or somewhat blocked your Surgeon may suggest having Heart Valve Replacement Surgery.

 

When the aortic valve isn’t working properly, it can discourage blood flow just as pressurize the heart to work appropriately to supply the essential blood to the rest of your body. An aortic valve replacement technique includes open-heart surgery by means of a sternotomy, minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). It is viewed as a Complex activity and isn’t suitable for everybody and may take a longer time to recover. In remarkable cases, aortic valve disease might not have anywarning signs or symptoms for many years. While others may experience breathlessness, weakness, chest pain, loss of consciousness, arrhythmia, heart attack, and sudden cardiac arrest. Aortic valve Repair or aortic valve Replacement can cure aortic valve infections or illness, and furthermore holds common blood flow, limit the symptoms, and improve the heart functioning.

Causes of Aortic valve not working properly?

There might be a blockage or flawed improvement of the valves, with the end goal that the blood doesn’t move freely and may also revert back to the preceding chamber. This may cause the blood to flow incorrectly or the heart to get stressed while pumping blood.

The primary reasons because of which the aortic valve may need to be replaced can be stated as:-

  • Congenital defects: At birth, the heart of a patient with aortic valve issues may not form properly. This may give rise to complications later in life.

  • Age-specific changes: The structure and state of health of the heart changes with age. This may be also a primary cause for problems in the cardiac valves.

  • Infections: Many bacteria like species of Streptococcus and Mycobacterium can colonize the cardiac tissue. The persistent infection can be cause for the valve replacement.

  • High Pressure of the blood: The pressure of the blood flow is a contributing factor for the state of the valves of the heart and often acts as a two-way system. The blockage of the blood flow in the valves causes the blood pressure to rise; and likewise, high force of blood flow can hinder the function of the aortic and mitral valves.

  • Injury to the heart: Although the heart is protected by the ribcage from the front of in the back, any injury to the cardiac tissues may cause problems in the functioning of the cardiac valves.

For mitral valves, one extra factor has been believed to go about as a reason for replacement of the valve separated from the previously mentioned ones. If a individual experiences rheumatic fever, a complexity from a Streptococcus infection in the heart, the mitral valve may get narrow, a condition known as mitral valve stenosis. Hence, broad Consultation from doctors or cardiologists is the first step to cover, before going under the Knife.

Benefits of Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery

There are numerous benefits to repairing the mitral valve instead of replacing it:

  • Better preservation of heart function
  • Lower risk of complications
  • No need for long-term use of blood thinners.

Symptoms when heart valves do not work properly?

Symptoms vary in case of heart valve diseases. It is because sometimes it doesn’t show any symptoms, whereas sometimes people may suddenly experience them. The common symptoms of heart valve disease are:


Here are the Common Signs and symptoms of aortic valve disease:

  • Breathlessness
  • Fainting during physical activity
  • Chest pain or tightness
  • Abnormal heartbeat (Arrhythmia)
  • Tiredness after being active
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness or loss of consciousness
  • Ankles and feet are swollen.

Diagnosis for Aortic Valve Replacement?

Physical Exam

  • With stethoscope to check for heart mumble brought about by a heart valve issue.
  • Your Surgeon will check for liquid in lungs.
  • check for swollen ankles and other signs for water retention.

Diagnostic Tests

  • Echocardiography (echo) is the main test for diagnosing heart valve disease.
  • Transesophageal Echo or TEE, to get a better image of your heart.
  • ECG (electrocardiogram) to diagnose irregular heart beat and signs of previous heart attack.
  • Chest X ray- to see if heart enlarged or fluid in lung or calcium deposists in heart.
  • Cardiac Catheterization, Stress Testing or Cardiac MRI help your doctor assess how severe your condition is so he or she can plan your treatment

Aortic Valve replacement surgeries have two main types.

Open Aortic Valve Replacement via Sternotomy– wherein damaged aortic valve is replaced by surgery

Minimally invasive surgery:

In this procedure, tiny incisions are made in the chest instead of large openings. This will give a quicker recovery than normal surgical procedures, and the patients have less discomfort than the conventional ones.

Transcatheter Technique:

It is a minimally invasive process in which surgeon inserts a catheter into bone marrow and reaches the major artery. Then, they weave a new valve into the damaged one without removing the valve.

 

How you prepare for Aortic Valve Replacement surgery

  • Before surgery to have your aortic valve repair or aortic valve replacement, your Surgeon and treatment team will explain to you what to expect before, during and after the surgery and potential risks of the surgery.

  • Your Surgeon will determine the most appropriate treatment option for you by considering your health status, severity of the condition and risks and benefits of each type.

  • Before admitting to the hospital for your surgery, talk to your caregivers, Doctor Coordinator or Hospital Counselor about your hospital stay and discuss any help you may need when you return home.

  • The surgery will be performed under general anaesthesia, so you will be unconscious and won’t feel any pain.

During Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery

Aortic valve repair

Aortic valve repair is Generally performed through traditional open-heart surgery and opening of the chest bone (sternotomy). Surgeons wire the bone back together after the procedure to prevent movement and aid in healing.

Aortic valve repair procedures may involve several different types of repair, including:

  1. Inserting tissue to patch holes or tears in the flaps (perforated cusps) that close off the valve

  2. Adding support at the base or roots of the valve

  3. Separating fused valve cusps

  4. Reshaping or removing tissue to allow the valve to close more tightly

  5. Tightening or reinforcing the ring around a valve (annulus) by implanting an artificial ring (annuloplasty)

  6. Aortic valves that can’t open completely because of aortic valve stenosis might be fixed with Surgery or temporarily with a less invasive technique called balloon valvuloplasty — which utilizes a approach called heart catheterization. You’re typically alert during cardiovascular catheterization.

  7. During balloon valvuloplasty, your Surgeon inserts a thin, hollow tube (catheter) in a blood vessel, usually in your groin, and threads it to your heart. The catheter has a balloon at its tip that can be inflated to help stretch the narrowed aortic valve and then deflated for removal.

  8. Balloon valvuloplasty is frequently used to treat babies and youngsters with aortic valve stenosis. However, the valve tends to narrow again in adults who have had the procedure, so it’s usually only performed in adults who are too ill for surgery or who are waiting for a valve replacement. You may require extra technique to treat the limited valve after some time.

  9. Some heart valves replacement may begin to leak or not work as well over time. These issues can be fixed using surgery or a catheter procedure to perform aortic valve repair by inserting a plug or device to fix a leaking replacement heart valve.

Mechanical valve replacement

  • Mechanical valve replacement Open pop-up dialog boxBiological valve replacement

  • Biological valve replacement Open pop-up dialog boxTranscatheter aortic valve replacement

  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) Open pop-up dialog box

Aortic valve replacement

  • In this procedure, your Surgeon removes the aortic valve and replaces it with a mechanical valve or a valve produced using cow, pig or human heart tissue (valve). Another sort of organic tissue valve replacement that utilizes your own pulmonary valve is sometimes possible.

  • Often, biological tissue valves eventually need to be replaced because they degenerate over time. If you have a mechanical valve, you’ll need to take blood-thinning medications for the rest of your life to prevent blood clots. Doctors will discuss with you the risks and benefits of each type of valve and discuss which valve may be appropriate for you.

  • Aortic valve replacement surgery may be performed through traditional open-heart surgery or minimally invasive methods, which involve smaller cuts than those utilized in open-heart surgery. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is another type of minimally invasive aortic valve replacement that has a nonsurgical approach. It is also sometimes called transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

  • But minimally invasive aortic valve replacement is less common because not all situations are best addressed by this method of access to the damaged valve. When performed by experienced specialists and focuses, the outcomes are like those with customary open-heart medical procedure.

Aortic Valve Surgery Recovery

After aortic valve replacement surgery, you are likely to spend a day or more in the intensive care unit (ICU) depending on your condition and procedure and later you will be moved to a regular ward for about a week.


You’ll be given fluids, oxygen, nutrition, and medications through intravenous (IV) lines. Other tubes will be used to drain urine from your bladder and drain fluid and blood from your chest.

During your stay in the hospital, your Surgeon will look for signs of infection in your incision sites, will also be periodically checking your blood pressure, breathing and heart rate, and will also work with you to manage any pain you experience after surgery.

The patient will be advised to take rest and limit their activities initially. However, at a later stage doctor may suggest you walk & start breathing exercise regularly, or join a cardiac rehabilitation program when you are recovering.

The recovery time may vary depending on a patient’s age, type of surgery and overall health before surgery.

Your breastbone will usually take about 6 to 8 weeks to heal, however, it may take 2 to 3 months before you get back to your normal self again.

Risks of Aortic valve replacement surgery

Valve repair or replacement is generally safe. Because Aortic valve replacement surgery is an open-heart surgery, you might have complications during or after your procedure. Possible complications include:

  • Fever   
  • Bleeding during or after treatment or damage to the blood vessels
  • Blood clots that can cause heart attack, stroke, lung problems, or Kidney problems
  • Infection at the incision site
  • Infection in the new valve (endocarditis), which is more common with valve replacement
  • Breathing problems
  • Arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms) or the need for a permanent pacemaker
  • Valve failure, also more common with replacement
  • Bad reaction to anesthetics
  • Heart attack, if a blood clot breaks loose soon after surgery.

Why to choose India for heart Value replacement:

  • Top standard aortic valve replacement surgery is performed in India on account of splendid and experienced cardiovascular specialists.

  • The additional advantage of accepting treatment in India is the cost saving. Cardiac Surgery In India is an extensive procedure joining ways to deal with decrease dangers with methodologies focusing on people at high hazard.

  • India is home to the absolute most exceptional mechanical condition for aortic valve Replacement in India.

  • From Robotic Heart Surgeries to Hybrid Operating Suites, India is prepared to serve and is at standard with any of the best worldwide emergency clinics.

  • So, cardiac patients no need to worry, because the heart surgeons are highly Skilled, experienced & have conducted numerous successful surgeries on patients from many corners of the world.

Frequently asked Questions AVR Surgery In India

What is the success rate of aortic valve replacement surgery In India?

A recent study found that aortic valve replacement surgery has a 94 percent five-year survival rate. Survival rates depend on:

  • your age
  • your overall health
  • other medical
  • conditions you have
    your heart function

How serious is a heart valve replacement?

Possible risks of Aortic valve repair or Aortic valve replacement surgery include: Bleeding during or after the surgery. Blood clots that can cause heart attack, stroke, or lung problems. Infection.

Can the aortic valve be replaced without open heart surgery?

Cardiologists expect wider use of the less-invasive technique—known as TAVR—in the near future. The one-way valve inside your aorta opens to allow blood to surge from the heart to the rest of your body.

Can you live a normal life after aortic valve replacement?

For aortic valve replacement patients in general, this loss was 1.9 years. Without treatment, however, the mean survival for these patients is two to three years. The researchers found no differences in loss of life expectancy between women and men.

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