Brain Tumor Surgery Cost In India

The Average Brain Tumor Surgery cost in India between USD 5000 to USD 7200.
Treatment for brain tumors depends on the size, type, and location of the tumor.
Brain Tumor surgery requires you to stay in the hospital for 4 days and 15 days outside the hospital.
Tests required to diagnose a Brain Tumor are a Neurological Exam, MRI, and CT Scan.

Brain Tumor surgery cost in India

Brain tumor is a build-up of abnormal cells in the brain. It is dangerous since as the cancerous cells grow, they occupy the space of healthy cells. They can grow aggressively and use up essential blood and nutrients that healthy cells need.

 

If the patient is healthy, surgery is the best option to treat the condition. If it cannot be removed, then the aim is to control its growth. The procedure opted for changes based on factors like the type, size, and location of the tumour. The patient’s age and general health also play a decisive role. The following are the available treatment options

Symptoms of a Brain Tumor Surgery are:

  • Seizures
  • Speech difficulties
  • Confusion
  • Personality and behaviour changes
  • Hearing problems
  • Unexplained nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of sensation or movement in the arm or a leg
  • Difficulty with balance
  • More frequent headache
  • Changes in memory or thinking
  • Clumsiness
  • Numbness
  • Vision changes
  • Recurrent sinus problems
  • Other symptoms are Sleep problems, Memory problems, Fatigue, Drowsiness, and changes in the ability to walk or perform everyday activities.

Types of Brain Tumors

types of Brain tumor

There are over 130 types of brain tumour, as classified by the World Health Organisation. Here are some of the most common types of brain tumours including glioblastoma, astrocytoma and Oligodendroglial tumours.

Brain tumours can differ in terms of the cells they originate from, how quickly they are likely to grow and spread, and the part of the brain they affect. Knowing your tumour’s type can therefore help you understand your condition.

 

As a general rule, brain tumours are named according to the type of cell they start from and/or where in the brain they are located. Information about the most common brain tumour types is below.

 

Primary and Metastatic or Secondary.

Primary brain tumours originate within the brain. They may be either benign, without cancerous growth or malignant, with quickly-growing cancerous cells. Secondary or metastatic brain tumours are ones that start in other parts of the body like the breasts or lungs but later spread to the brain through the blood. These are always cancerous and never benign.

 

Primary tumours are further categorised into glial and non-glial tumours. Glial tumours or gliomas are ones that arise in the glial cells. These cells support the nervous system by surrounding and holding neurons in place, supplying nutrients and oxygen to the nerve cells, removing dead neurons, and insulating neurons from each other. Examples of gliomas are:

 

  • Astrocytoma: This type of tumour originates in the largest part of the brain, known as cerebrum. Astrocytoma is responsible for causing severe behavioural changes or seizures.

  • Meningiomas: This type of tumour is usually benign and arises in the meninges, or the lining of the brain. People over 70 years of age are more prone to meningiomas.

  • Oligodendrogliomas: This type of tumour adversely affects the brain cells covering the nerves. It grows slowly and does not have the propensity to spread in the neighbouring tissues.

Non-glial tumours are ones that develop in structures of the brain like blood vessels, nerves, meninges or glands. Examples include meningiomas, pituitary tumours, schwannomas, pineal gland tumours, craniopharyngiomas, etc.

Metastatic Brain Cancer – 

It is a cancer which occurs in any other part of the body and then moves to the brain. Some of the most common cancers that spread to the brain are kidney, breast and lung cancers. Usually, it is named after the tissue from which the cancer occurs, like metastatic kidney cancer and metastatic breast cancer.

Risks Of Brain Tumor Surgery

The risks of brain tumor surgery are greater compared to other types of surgeries.

  • Problems with speech, memory, balance, vision, and coordination (temporary or permanent)
  • Muscle weakness
  • Bleeding in the brain
  • Stroke
  • Coma
  • Infection in the brain
  • Repeated seizures after the surgery
  • Swelling in the brain
  • Meningitis
  • In some rare cases, paralysis or memory loss

Wash hair at least one day before the surgery and ensure they are dry so that your head can be shaved properly

 

Medical Tests for Detecting Brain Tumour.

If a person has symptoms that suggest a brain tumor, the doctor may perform one or more of the following procedures:

  • Physical exam— The doctor checks general signs of health.

  • Neurologic exam— The doctor checks for alertness, muscle strength, coordination, reflexes, and response to pain. The doctor also examines the eyes to look for swelling caused by a tumor pressing on the nerve that connects the eye and brain.

  • CT scan— An x-ray machine linked to a computer takes a series of detailed pictures of the head. The patient may receive an injection of a special dye so the brain shows up clearly in the pictures. The pictures can show tumors in the brain.

  • MRI—A powerful magnet linked to a computer makes detailed pictures of areas inside the body. These pictures are viewed on a monitor and can also be printed. Sometimes a special dye is injected to help show differences in the tissues of the brain. The pictures can show a tumor or other problem in the brain.

The doctor may ask for other tests:

  • Angiogram— Dye injected into the bloodstream flows into the blood vessels in the brain to make them show up on an x-ray. If a tumor is present, the doctor may be able to see it on the x-ray.

  • Skull x-ray—Some types of brain tumors cause calcium deposits in the brain or changes in the bones of the skull. With an x-ray, the doctor can check for these changes.

  • Spinal tap—The doctor may remove a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (the fluid that fills the spaces in and around the brain and spinal cord). This procedure is performed with local anesthesia. The doctor uses a long, thin needle to remove fluid from the spinal column. A spinal tap takes about 30 minutes. The patient must lie flat for several hours afterward to keep from getting a headache. A laboratory checks the fluid for cancer cells or other signs of problems.

  • Myelogram—This is an x-ray of the spine. A spinal tap is performed to inject a special dye into the cerebrospinal fluid. The patient is tilted to allow the dye to mix with the fluid. This test helps the doctor detect a tumor in the spinal cord.

  • Biopsy—The removal of tissue to look for tumor cells is called a biopsy. A pathologist looks at the cells under a microscope to check for abnormal cells. A biopsy can show cancer, tissue changes that may lead to cancer, and other conditions. A biopsy is the only sure way to diagnose a brain tumor.

Treatment options for Brain Tumor

Surgery.

Brain tumor surgeries are of different types and could be done for both benign and malignant tumors. Traditionally, an open surgery approach was followed based on the MRI/CT scans, however, our surgeons use Neuro- Navigation to perform real-time intraoperative guidance during brain surgery.
This increases the safety & precision of the surgery. Neuro- Navigation helps the surgeon to precisely localize the tumor and thus, limits the size of skull opening or craniotomy.

 

Craniotomy.

In some cases, due to a risk of neurological damage, some part of the tumor may be left behind. In either procedure, a sample of the excised tissue is sent for histopathological examination to find out the nature and type (Benign vs Malignant, grade) of the tumor. In most cases, the surgeon can tell if the tumor is likely to grow again based on the type of tumor.

Minimally Invasive Surgery:

Neurosurgeons use minimally invasive techniques for this brain tumour surgery to remove the cancerous cells. This technique reduces your hospital stay duration, decreases your recovery time, and lowers the mortality rate.

Radiation therapy:

High-powered rays are used to destroy tumour cells. This can be done through either external radiation over several weeks or implant radiation therapy over several days. Gamma-knife surgery or stereotactic surgery is a recent medical advance. It delivers concentrated radiation to the tumour from many angles. It requires only a single session.

Chemotherapy:

Cancer-killing drugs are given to the patient either orally or by injection. In intrathecal chemotherapy, the drugs are injected to the cerebrospinal fluid. Chemotherapy generally extends over a long period of time.

Radiosurgery:

Unlike surgery in the traditional sense of the word, this treatment method is where many beams of radiation are focused onto the brain tumour to kill the tumour cells. Various technologies like linear accelerator and gamma knife are used to treat the brain tumour with radiation.

During procedure :-Brain Tumor Surgery

Brain tumor surgery is performed under general anesthesia by a reputed neurosurgeon and his competent team. Since this is an extensive surgery, it can take anywhere between 4 to 8 hours to finish the whole procedure. The following are the steps involved in the surgical technique:

  • A Tiny area of the Mind may be shaved and the Individual Could be given a Nearby anesthetic to a Part of Their Entire Scalp

  • An incision (cut) is made in the scalp and a Tiny part of the skull (‘bone flap’) will Probably Be Eliminated.

  • Awake Craniotomy: During this, the individual is going to be awakened at this point to permit the physician to map where the works of the mind are situated in the brain. Patient could have a sense of pulling something out but shouldn’t feel pain because the mind itself can’t feel pain.

  • Just as a lot of this tumor as is safely possible, will probably be eliminated

  • The bone flap is going to be replaced along with the wound closed with stitches or metal clips.

  • Patients are for the most part placed on steroids to aid with almost any swelling.

  • The patient is required to stay in the hospital for 3-7 days.

Recovery from Brain Tumor Surgery

After a surgery for brain tumor removal, the patients need extra time to heal fully. Additionally, it may take a few months for the patient to return back to normal energy levels. The total time taken by the patient to recover, however, depends on several factors. This may include the following:

  • The duration of treatment
  • The number and type of treatment modalities used
  • Patient’s age and overall health
  • The exact location of the tumor in the brain
  • The area of the brain affected by tumor
  • The exact length of hospital stay after the surgery may vary among patients. However, a five to six-day stay is the most common among patients. The patients are carefully monitored during this period. A team of occupational, physical, and speech therapists helps with the rehabilitation of the patient during the recovery phase.

Discharge Instructions :- Brain Tumor Surgery

  • Patient may need to rest for an hour or two each day the first few weeks. Fatigue is normal depending on the nature of the procedure.
  • Walking is an excellent exercise and you may walk outside if weather permits. Increase the distance you walk every day if possible but listen to what your body is telling you.
  • You may resume sports in 2 to 3 months. Please check with your surgeon first. Start ALL activities slowly and begin with stretching or warm-up exercises.
  • You might be discharged with steroid medication to limit brain swelling. Follow the directions carefully for steroids and do not deviate from the prescribed course.
  • Resume your previous medications but check with your surgeon before resuming any blood thinners.
  • Please take your pain medicine only as prescribed.
  • Patient have some headaches but they should not be severe.
  • For brain tumor patients, typically your pathology should be back at the time of your first visit although there are exceptions. We will help coordinate care with your oncologist, radiation oncologist, and family physician if need.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the cost of brain tumor surgery in India?

A: The Average cost of brain tumor surgery in India varies between USD 5000 to USD 7200. The cost may be affected by various other factors including:-

  • Complexity of surgery,
  • diagnostic procedures and more.
  • The hospital patient is opting for.
  • Room –Standard single room, deluxe room, super deluxe room for the number of nights specified (including nursing fee, meals, room rate, and room service).
  • Operating room, ICU
  • Fee for the team of doctors (Surgeons, Anesthetist, Physiotherapist, Dietician)
    Medicines
    Standard test and diagnostic procedures

The type of surgery performed

  • Craniotomy
  • Microsurgery
  • Gamma Knife Surgery

Medicare Spots offers the best Brain Tumor Surgery Cost in India at an affordable price for international patients coming to India under the supervision of the most trained doctors.

 

Q. How to prepare for a brain tumour surgery?

A. Your Surgeonwill give you detailed instructions about how to prepare for the brain tumour surgery. Inform the to your surgeon about medications that you are on, including over-the-counter medications and supplements. Let your doctor know about any allergies you have, surgeries you had in the past, and if you have been drinking alcohol.

Q. Can I eat and drink the night before the surgery?

A. Ideally, you should not eat or drink anything after midnight the night before the surgery. You can eat something light before midnight so that you will not feel hungry in the morning. You can have small sips of water until 2 hours before the surgery, if your surgeon permits.

Q. Who will perform the surgery and how long does it take?

A. A team of specialised neurosurgeons and anaesthetists will perform the operation. Keyhole surgery for brain tumour can take upto 3 hours, while a regular craniotomy can take 3-5 hours. An awake craniotomy can take 5-7 hours.

Q. How do I find a doctor for my brain tumor surgery?

A. Brain tumor treatment requires an intensive approach by the neurosurgeon. If you are looking for experienced neurosurgeons in India, you can consult Medicare Spots. We have state of the art techniques and equipment to make brain surgery a success.

Q: Should a person be worried about Headaches?

A: There are various causes for headaches. Many people experience headaches throughout their lifetime, but there certain patterns will tell-tale signs of a more serious, underlying problem. A patient must seek doctors attention if there is a headache.
Worsen in severity or frequency
Are present upon waking from sleep
Are accompanied by nausea, vomiting or difficulty with speech
Differentiate from your normal headaches

Q: What is the difference between benign and malignant tumours?

A: Brain tumours are commonly classified as benign or malignant. Different types of tumours can produce unique symptoms depending on their location in the brain.
Malignant Tumours: are generally considered to be more dangerous and tend to develop faster and more aggressively.
Benign Tumours: are slow growing tumours and are less likely to grow back after the treatment.

Q: What possible problems should a patient look for after the surgery?

A: Patients should call the doctor if they experience seizure, severe headache, worsening neurological problems, fever or chills, swelling of the ankles, bleeding or bruising, severe nausea or vomiting, and skin rash.

Q: When can a patient start their day to day activity after the surgery?

A: Benign brain tumours can sometimes grow back after treatment, so regular follow-up appointments will often be recommended to look for signs. Patients can get back to their day to activity after four to six months.

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