Many potential patients for surgery are a concern to know about cornea transplant cost In India? The estimated cost of cornea transplant In India usually starts $1000 however, it may go up to as much as $1500. it depends on the hospital charges and the fee charged by the surgeon. This price usually does not cover the post-operational program. Additional costs also involve the diagnostics before the surgery and pre-operational consultations.
Corneal transplant, also known as a corneal graft or keratoplasty, is the removal of a damaged cornea, replacing it with a healthy cornea from the donor.
Your cornea is clear tissue, made up of layers of cells, at the front of your eyeball. A healthy cornea allows light to pass into your eye and helps light focus on your retina (the light-sensitive film at the back of the eye) so that you can see images.
Diseases or injury can make your cornea either cloudy, damaged or out of shape and this prevents the normal passage of light and inability to focus properly causing blurry vision and glare.
A cornea eye can be caused by:
Complications from previous corneal or eye surgery.
The benefits of cornea transplant eye surgery are:
Important Reminder:- The patient is required to not eat anything after midnight the night before the surgery. The patient can have water, juice, tea or coffee (without sugar or cream) up to two hour before the surgery. Alcohol must be strictly not consumed since 24hr before the surgery.
You’ll be able to go home the same day as your surgery. You may feel some soreness and will most likely wear an eye patch or gauze over the affected eye for up to four days. Don’t rub your eyes. Your doctor will prescribe eye drops and possibly oral medications to help with healing.
Like all surgical procedures, there are some levels of risks to consider after cornea transplant. Some of these can be serious and can even cause death. However, you can speak to your doctor about the following general and specific complications that may worry you.
General complications of any operation
Specific complications of this operation
The success rate of a cornea transplant in India is very high using modern eyebanking and surgical techniques. However, there are many factors that influence the outcome. For instance, keratoconus has one of the best prognoses for good vision with a greater than 90% chance of a clear graft.
A small percentage of Cornea transplant patients do obtain good vision without glasses or contacts. But in most cases, glasses or contact lenses are necessary after surgery.
No. Plastic implants are used only to replace a cloudy lens (cataract) inside the eye. For corneal transplants, living tissue must be used.
Yes. Only the transparent done in the front of the eye is replaced, and not the colored iris behind it. In rare cases, existing corneal scars block the true color of the eye, and therefore the eye appears to have changed color after the operation.
This surgery is done under either local or general anesthesia. Age, general health, length of surgery, and patient preference are factors weighed in deciding which route to take.
Briefly, a round instrument called a trephine is used like a cookie cutter to remove the center of your diseased cornea. A “button” of similar size is trephined from a donor cornea. This donor button is then sewn in place with fine nylon sutures. The entire procedure is done under an operating microscope.
No. The cornea has no blood supply and gets its nourishment from the fluid inside the eye.
You enter about one hour before surgery, and usually go home 1-2 hours after surgery. The procedure is typically about 1.5-2.0 hours in duration.
Pain varies from person to person. Typically there is mild soreness for a few days, relieved by Tylenol.
Until the surface epithelium is healed, usually 1 to 3 days. After the patch is removed, it is important to wear something hard in front of the eye (glasses or a metal shield) at all times to give it mechanical protection. Typically, patients wear their glasses during the day. A metal shield is worn at night for one month.
Vision improves gradually as the new cornea heals. There is often useful vision within several weeks. However, in some cases it may take several months to a year for full visual potential to develop.
Yes. You will be on steroid drops in the eye for several months to prevent rejection of the new cornea. In some cases daily steroid drops are used indefinitely. Occasionally other eye medications are necessary.
If the body’s immune system recognizes the new cornea as foreign tissue, cells start to attack the endothelium of the donor cornea, the innermost cell layer that normally pumps water out of the cornea to keep it clear. Therefore, the new cornea becomes swollen and cloudy.
Yes. When detected early, rejection can be reversed 90% of the time by intensive use of topical, oral, and subconjunctival steroids.
This varies, depending on the age of the patient, nature of the corneal disease and type of sutures used. Usually sutures are removed sometime between 4 months and 1 year, although in some cases they are left in permanently. Suture removal is a simple office procedure.
You will be seen the first day after surgery, one week after, then monthly and gradually at longer intervals over the first year, and yearly thereafter. At these visits we will be checking for such things as graft clarity, wound leaks, eye pressure, infection, and surface healing. Postoperative care is extremely important and by far the most time consuming part of having a corneal transplant.