Hair transplant is a procedure that involves transplanting individual hair follicles from donor site to bald area known as the ‘recipient site’. The donor area commonly used is back of scalp as these follicles are resistant to the effect of DHT (Dihydrotestosterone). That’s why this area is considered as permanent or safe hair bearing zone. One should understand that hair transplant is the redistribution of the existing hair follicles in the donor area into the area of hair loss. Due to number of donor grafts being limited , they should be used wisely and judiciously keeping in mind the need for future also particularly if the patient is of young age group. Other areas from where follicles can be harvested are beard, upper chest, upper back, forearm, armpit, legs. Best Hair Transplant hospitals and Surgeon In India
Modern hair transplant technique was started by Dr S. Okuda in Japan in the 1930’s, who described the use of full thickness grafts of hair bearing skin.
The modern era of hair transplantation in the western world was ushered in the late 1950’s, when New York dermatologist Norman Orentreich published his paper on hair transplant technique.
At an initial discussion, the surgeon analyzes the patient’s scalp, discusses their preferences and prospects, and advises them on the best approach. For several days prior to surgery the patients are refrained from using any kind of medicines for hair growth which might result in intra operative bleeding. Alcohol and smoking can contribute to poor graft survival, so patient is advised to stop smoking and taking alcohol before and for 2 weeks after procedure.
Hair transplant is performed on an outpatient basis, with mild sedation and under local anesthesia. The scalp is prepared by trimming the required areas if required and the applying the antiseptic agent.
There are different techniques for harvesting of hair follicles, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. Regardless of which donor harvesting technique is employed, proper extraction of the hair follicle is paramount to ensure the viability of the transplanted hair.
Strip Harvesting It is one of the most common methods of hair transplantation that surgeons use to remove the hair and follicles from a donor site. The surgeon in hair Transplant In India, uses an area of good hair growth to harvest the a strip of skin from the posterior scalp. In order to remove the strips from hair bearing tissues from the donor site, the surgeons use single, double or triple scalpel. To remove the intact hair follicles, each incision is planned and the size of the excised strip is about 1–1.5 x 15–30 cm.
The experienced surgeon uses the very small micro blades through which they puncture the receiving site and take out the grafts and make sure to place them at correctly at pre-defined area of the head. This enables the surgeons to het the high density and same pattern of hairs. The surgeons also work on angling the wound in a same pattern to bring a realistic hair pattern. In this way entire procedure of strip harvesting gets complete. However, the procedure leaves a thin scar at donor area which can even covered by the patient’s hair.
Follicular unit extraction (FUE) In the procedure of FUE, the surgeons use local anesthesia at the harvesting area of the head and while giving the local anesthesia, they remove 1 to 4 hairs of follicular units. The micro removal uses tiny punches of between 0.6mm and 1.0mm in diameter. In this process, the surgeons take a long session or multiple small sessions to complete the surgery. This procedure consumes more time than the strip harvesting procedure. In this procedure the experience of the surgeon really matters as the more experienced the surgeon will be the less time he/she will take. In some cases the surgeons take approx. Couple of hour to extract 200 grafts for scar correction whereas in some cases the surgeon takes over two consecutive days for a megasession of 2,500 to 3,000 grafts in hair transpant In India.
Follicular unit transplant (FUT) The FUT is one of the hair transplantation methods in which the surgeons extract a linear strip of hair bearing skin from the back or the side of the scalp and then the strip is dissected to separate individual grafts.
The scalp may be very tender after the surgery. The patient may need to take pain medications for several days. The surgeon may make you wear bandages over your scalp for a day or more. He may also prescribe an antibiotic or an anti-inflammatory drugs. Mostly people are able to return to work 2 to 5 days after the surgery.
Generally, after 2 to 3 weeks of the surgery, the transplanted hair falls out and you will notice new hair. Mostly people observe 60% of new hairs growth after 6 to 9 months. A surgeons may also prescribe hair growing drugs to improve hair growth after transplantation.
Lets have a quick idea about shedding after the procedure.
In this time the transplanted hairs undergo temporary shedding as during the surgery the follicles are extracted and placed in the recipient area. This temporarily compromise the blood supply to follicle which results in this phenomenon. In small number of patients, there may be no shedding at all.
The shedding is not limited to the transplanted hairs, the existing natural hairs may also undergo shedding for some months before the new hair grows. This may be due to the shock to the hairs rather than any permanent effect. As a result transplanted area may look less dense.
The newly transplanted hair begins to grow around 10-12 weeks after the procedure. There will be a visible growth in terms of length and density by around 6-7 months and it takes a maximum of one year for all the hairs to grow.
Without knowing these factors, one cannot determine how costly a hair transplant would be in particular areas, especially when considering the fact that some of these factors value changes with a clinic to clinic and only one factor can be said to differ with a place in which the procedure takes place. This factor is the cost of each hair graft which can differ with cities as well as clinics.
No, It doesn’t, but it doesn’t not mean it would not harm you. Before going for hair transplant there are several things you need to discuss with your surgeon or surgeon ask for tests to check the report for make it confirm you are healthy and normal for it.
If surgeons or hair transplant clinics don’t ask you for these things then remind them once for it. Because a single mistake can harm a lot. As we have already seen several pieces of news belonging to it.
You should always go with an expert hair transplant surgeon for sure and best result.
Along with a 100% success rate of hair grafts, our surgeons ensure the results customized to age, expectations and ethnicity. Our patients get amazingly natural hairline with dense packing and complete coverage of the bald area.