Hernia Repair Surgery in India is performed by highly skilled consultants and surgeons in India at the best hospitals having most advanced techniques. Medicare Spots is a medical value provider in India having association with the Best surgeons and Hospitals, providing world-class treatment at affordable prices
A hernia is a medical condition in which an internal organ or fat or tissue bulges out of the skin through a weak spot in the outer skin membrane. This weak spot can either be the natural opening of the body, such as the groin and the belly button, or the site of any previous injury.
The abdomen is the most common site for hernias to develop, however, they can outgrow in the chest, upper thigh and groin areas as well. Hernias are not a fatal condition and give an ample amount of time to the person to address and cure it. Failing to do so, however, can cause unwanted complications in the later life. Sometimes, hernia also appears in the groin area and the upper thigh.
Hernia can happen to both men and women, but men are more prone to hernia. In many cases, babies can also get hernias.
The small hernia may not cause pain to the patients so they could not be aware of it Hernia surgery can be performed in a day, and the patient can go home on the same day Hernia surgeries are safely secured, there is nothing to worry about.
Obesity is a major contributor of hernia. If you are overweight, you have a higher risk of developing a hernia.
Weak muscles and strain are the two most common causes of hernia. Hernia can develop very quickly in some cases, whereas in others, it can develop over a long period of time.Some of the major causes that can lead to the problem of hernia are:
Heavy weightlifting- Lifting heavy weights or doing strenuous exercises for a long period of time has been found out to be a prime factor leading to hernia.
Constipation or diarrhea- If you suffer from chronic constipation or diarrhea for long, you have a potential risk of developing a hernia.
Persistent cough– Any factor that leads to chronic cough, such as smoking, can lead you suffer from hernia.
Poor nutrition- Your diet plays a major role in the formation or prevention of a hernia. One can develop a hernia due to the consumption of poor quality diet or too much spicy food.
In addition to these, there are factors than increase the chances of a hernia. These are:
Hernia is generally painless and causes no immediate problems. But, a hernia that keeps growing needs medical attention. Hernia, when grows big, can lead to constant discomfort and pain.
This condition gets worse when the person stands for long, strains too much while urinating or bowel movement, or lifts anything heavy. If you notice that the swelling has increased or there is soreness, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
In some worse cases, a hernia can develop too much and become strangulated. In that case, the person needs to go for an immediate surgery. The most common symptom of hernia is a bulge that becomes clearly visible.
Depending upon the type of hernia, your symptoms may vary. Common symptoms of hernia include:
Hernias can be of various types depending upon the places they occur. Some of the most common hernias are listed below:
The doctor will perform a physical exam to diagnose the hernia. The doctor may also examine the bulge in the groin area. You may be asked to stand and cough or strain, this will help the doctor diagnose the hernia better. If the hernia isn’t apparent from the physical test, you may be recommended an imaging test like a X-ray, CT scan, an abdominal ultrasound, MRI or Endoscopy.
The most effective way to treat a hernia is through surgical repair. If the condition of the hernia is severe, surgery is the best treatment. Painful hernias can lead to a lot of discomfort and to prevent any potential risks in the future, it is recommended that the person undergoes a surgery.Generally, there are two types of operations for hernia.
Hernia Repair surgery is a routine procedure, but as with all surgeries there are risks of complications. These may vary depending upon the exact hernia operation you have and your health. Your surgeon will discuss these with you in detail.
Often the greatest complication risk is a reoccurrence of the hernia. Other hernia surgery side effects include: build-up of seroma or a fluid-filled sac under the surface of the skin, inability or difficulty urinating, organ or tissue damage, wound infection and, rejection of the mesh.
Recovery time after hernia repair surgery is usually two to three weeks. Most patients will return to normal daily activities and go back to work within a week. You should not do any heavy lifting for at least six weeks. Your surgeon will talk to you about what you can and cannot do for your specific hernia operation.
You’ll have sixty days of post discharge outpatient care commencing the day you leave a Ramsay Hospital including a follow up with your surgeon to check on your hernia as part of your aftercare package.
Here are some of the simple practices that a person with a hernia can follow at home:
What to eat when you suffer from a hernia?
What to avoid eating when you suffer from a hernia?
A hernia, if left untreated, can lead to several complications like:
The following exercises will help you get relief if you suffer from a hernia. These exercises are very easy and can be followed at home without any professional help.
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The patient suffered from Multiple Morbidities- Diabetes, Hypertension, Compromised cardiac function having high pre- operative cardiac risk along with dementia.
A 97 years old male with life threatening, painful, irreducible, left sided groin hernia also suffering from multiple medical problems like heart disease, Parkinson’s disease, Lung disease, diabetes, hypertension etc underwent successful lifesaving surgery at Fortis Memorial Research Institute Gurugram.
Dr Ajay Kumar Kriplani, Head of laparoscopic and G I Surgery at FMRI said the surgery was extremely challenging as after 90 years of age, 19 % men die naturally every year without any surgery (due to heart attack, stroke, infection and age related issues), the risk of death after surgery is 27.8 % and after an emergency surgery it may be up to 49%. The patient age was on higher 90’s and was bed ridden with very limited activity which add to the risk. Complicated groin hernia is a serious surgical emergency needing immediate relief otherwise intestines may develop gangrene. Other challenges included a huge, irreducible, painful hernia containing large intestines and a suprapubic catheter placed in the lower abdomen near the area of surgery to control urinary infection.
the patient was uncooperative and could not be operated under local anaesthesia and hence General anaesthesia was required. The general anaesthesia was risky and difficult since the patient’s heart function was compromised (Ejection Fraction 38 %), breathing was not smooth and had a rigid neck. After explaining all pros and cons to the family which accepted the risk, anaesthesia was given by Dr Balkar Singh Head of Anaesthesia and Dr Sunil Malik. The surgical team included Dr A K Kriplani, Dr Shashank Rastogi, Dr Bijendra Sinha. The technique needed modification due to suprapubic catheter which enhances the risk of infection. The patient recovered smoothly and is now tolerating diet and is responsive as before surgery. The family, which includes many doctors, are highly thankful and appreciative of the care and treatment. Such cases are examples of patient centricity at Fortis Hospital Gurugram .