The estimated cost of knee replacement surgery In India usually starts $4000 however, it may go up to as much as $8000. it depends on the hospital charges and the fee charged by the orthopedic surgeon.
Stay In Hospital 3-4 Days outside of the Hospital 3-4 weeks
Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a procedure that involves replacing a damaged, worn or diseased knee joint with an artificial joint, usually made of metal and plastic components. This surgery is typically recommended for people with knee pain and limited mobility caused by conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and other forms of arthritis, as well as knee injuries and knee deformities.
The goal of knee replacement surgery is to relieve pain, improve joint function, and increase mobility. The surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia and typically takes 1-2 hours. After the procedure, patients will need to use crutches or a walker for a few weeks, and physical therapy is usually necessary to help regain strength and mobility in the knee.
Knee replacement surgery is a treatment for pain and disability in the knee. The most common condition that results in the need for knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of joint cartilage. Damage to the cartilage and bones limits movement and may cause pain. People with severe degenerative joint disease may be unable to do normal activities that involve bending at the knee, such as walking or climbing stairs, because they are painful. The knee may swell or “give-way” because the joint is not stable.
Other forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis that results from a knee injury, may also lead to degeneration of the knee joint. In addition, fractures, torn cartilage, and/or torn ligaments may lead to irreversible damage to the knee joint.
If medical treatments are not satisfactory, knee replacement surgery may be an effective treatment. Some medical treatments for degenerative joint disease may include, but are not limited to, the following:
There may be other reasons for your doctor to recommend a knee replacement surgery.
There are several types of knee replacement surgeries, including:
Total knee replacement (TKR): This is the most common type of knee replacement surgery, and involves replacing the entire knee joint, including the thighbone (femur), shinbone (tibia), and kneecap (patella), with artificial components.
Partial knee replacement (PKR): This type of knee replacement surgery involves replacing only a portion of the knee joint, typically just one compartment of the knee, rather than the entire joint. PKR is typically recommended for people with early-stage arthritis that has not yet affected the entire knee joint.
Unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR): This type of knee replacement is similar to a partial knee replacement and involves replacing only one part of the knee joint, typically just the inner or outer compartment.
Revision knee replacement: This type of knee replacement surgery is performed when a previous knee replacement has failed or is no longer functioning properly.
Robotic-assisted knee replacement: This is a newer type of knee replacement that uses robotic technology to help the surgeon plan and perform the procedure. The surgeon uses a computer system to create a 3D model of the patient’s knee, which is used to guide the placement of the artificial components.
It’s important to note that not all types of knee replacement surgeries are appropriate for all patients, and the best type of knee replacement will depend on the patient’s individual needs and conditions. Your doctor can help you determine the type of knee replacement that would be best suited to your needs.
The benefits of knee replacement surgery include:
Pain relief: One of the main benefits of knee replacement surgery is relief from pain. Most people experience a significant reduction in knee pain after the procedure, and many are able to return to their normal daily activities without pain.
Improved mobility: Knee replacement surgery can also improve joint mobility and function, allowing people to walk, climb stairs, and engage in other physical activities with greater ease.
Better quality of life: With less pain and increased mobility, many people who have undergone knee replacement surgery report a better quality of life, with improved mood and increased participation in social and recreational activities.
Increased independence: Knee replacement surgery can also increase independence, allowing people to perform daily tasks such as shopping, cooking, and bathing without assistance.
Delayed joint degeneration: In some cases, knee replacement surgery can help to delay or prevent the progression of joint degeneration, preserving joint function for a longer period of time.
Reduced need for pain medications: By reducing pain and improving mobility, knee replacement surgery can also reduce the need for pain medications, which can have side effects and potentially harmful long-term effects.
It’s important to note that the benefits of knee replacement surgery can vary from person to person, and that not everyone will experience the same outcome. Your doctor can help you determine if knee replacement surgery is the right option for you, and what you can expect from the procedure in terms of pain relief and improved function.
Like any surgical procedure, knee replacement surgery carries certain risks and potential complications, including:
Infection: There is a risk of infection at the surgical site, which may require additional treatment and antibiotics.
Blood clots: There is also a risk of developing blood clots in the legs or lungs after knee replacement surgery, which can be life-threatening.
Implant failure: In some cases, the artificial joint may loosen, wear out, or break, requiring revision surgery to replace the implant.
Nerve or blood vessel damage: There is a risk of damaging nerves or blood vessels during the procedure, which can lead to numbness, tingling, or loss of circulation.
Stiffness: Some people may experience stiffness in the knee joint after surgery, which can limit mobility and range of motion.
Pain: While knee replacement surgery is typically performed to relieve pain, some people may experience persistent pain or discomfort after the procedure.
Reactions to anesthesia: As with any surgical procedure, there is a risk of adverse reactions to the anesthesia used during the procedure.
It’s important to discuss the risks and potential complications of knee replacement surgery with your doctor, as well as your expectations for the outcome of the procedure. Your doctor can help you determine if knee replacement surgery is the right option for you, and what you can expect in terms of risks and potential complications.
Knee replacement requires a stay in a hospital. Procedures may vary depending on your condition and your doctor’s practices.
Knee replacement surgery is most often performed while you are asleep under general anesthesia. Your anesthesiologist will discuss this with you in advance.
Generally, knee replacement surgery follows this process:
You’ll be taken to a recovery room for one to two hours. You’ll then be moved to your hospital room, where you’ll likely stay for a couple of days. Medications prescribed by your doctor should help control pain.
During the hospital stay, you’ll be encouraged to move your foot and ankle, which increases blood flow to your leg muscles and helps prevent swelling and blood clots. You’ll likely receive blood thinners and wear support hose or compression boots to further protect against swelling and clotting.
You’ll be asked to do frequent breathing exercises and gradually increase your activity level.
The day after surgery, a physical therapist will show you how to exercise your new knee. After you leave the hospital, you’ll continue physical therapy at home or at a center.
Do your exercises regularly, as instructed. For the best recovery, follow all of your care team’s instructions concerning wound care, diet and exercise.
For most people, knee replacement provides pain relief, improved mobility and a better quality of life. And most knee replacements can be expected to last more than 15 years.
Three to six weeks after surgery, you generally can resume most daily activities, such as shopping and light housekeeping. Driving is also possible at around three weeks if you can bend your knee far enough to sit in a car, if you have enough muscle control to operate the brakes and accelerator, and if you’re not still taking narcotic pain medications.
After recovery, you can engage in various low-impact activities, such as walking, swimming, golfing or biking. But you should avoid higher impact activities — such as jogging, skiing, tennis and sports that involve contact or jumping. Talk to your doctor about your limitations.
A. Knee replacement surgery is beneficial in relieving pain and restoring your lost disabilities. It has a 95% success rate.
A. Generally speaking, joint replacements are performed on patients between 60 and 80 years of age, and most are women. But those older or younger are not automatically precluded.
A. The first alternative to knee surgery most physicians try is lifestyle modification. This may include weight loss; avoiding activities such as running and twisting, which can aggravate the knee injury; modifying exercise to no- and low-impact; and other changes in your daily routine to reduce stress on your knee
A. A report published today in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery found that delaying surgery can deprive patients of the surgery’s full benefits. But when surgery is done too soon, patients put themselves at risk and may wind up needing another replacement.
A. Doctor will be able to decide if you are a candidate for the surgery or not. The decision will be based on the patient’s history, examination, X-rays and response to conservative treatment.
A. Patient is advised to do straightening of the knee (extension) as well as bending the knee (flexion) on daily basis. A good way to work on :