Bone Marrow Transplant ( BMT) or stem cell transplant is the treatment for various types of cancer such as leukemia, myeloma, and lymphoma. In earlier days, stem cell transplant is collectively called a bone marrow transplant because the stem cells are only collected from bone marrow cells. But nowadays it is also received from blood and hip bone cells. A stem cell transplant is needed to create some new blood cells. In case of such kinds of services, you need to consult the best bone marrow transplantation service provider hospital near your home city because it saves a lot of transportation costs.
The part of bones is called bone marrow cells, which are responsible for making healthy blood cells, including white blood cells to fight infection, red blood cells to transport oxygen from different parts of the body, and platelets to stop bleeding. Blood forming cells are found in bone marrow, bloodstream, and umbilical cord blood.
According to oncologist the usual signs and symptoms of this type of cancer can vary from person to person. The usual ones include:
These tests help us to know if your body is ready for transplant. They also help us to compare any changes that may occur after the transplant. You may need all or some of these tests. Please talk to your doctor or nurse about any questions or concerns you may have.
Autologous bone marrow transplantation: The stem cells are removed from the patient and after high-dose chemotherapy, the stem cells are returned back to the patient’s body. So, the cost will be less when compared with other bone marrow transplant.
Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation: The stem cells are taken from another person. So, the treatment cost would be high.
Haplo – Allogeneic Bone Marrow transplantation: The stem cells are taken from the patient’s family member but half-matched. It involves a complicated procedure, so the treatment cost is expensive.
Step 1: Harvesting
Before a Bone Marrow transplantation is performed bone marrow is harvested from the donor. The hip bone has the highest concentration of bone marrow in the body, so the healthy bone marrows are extracted from there. Punctures are made on the skin just above the hip bone through which the bone marrow and blood is extracted with the help of a specialized needle. After the harvest, the bone particles and fat are removed from the collection. The process of harvesting takes about 2 hours.
Step 2: Conditioning
In the next step the patient undergoes chemotherapy or radiation therapy so as to destroy the damaged or diseased bone marrow in his/her body. The immune system is suppressed so that the donor bone marrow can be introduced in the patient’s body.
Step 3: Transplant
The patient is advised to rest for a few days after conditioning so that the drugs can flush out of their system. After that the donor bone marrows are injected into the patient’s body with the help of a central line. An anaesthetic is not required during a bone marrow transplant as the procedure is painless.
After bone marrow transplantation, your risk of infection is greater because your immune system is weak for up to 6 months after the transplant. Protect yourself from infection by following the guidelines and precautions on this sheet.
Bone marrow transplant in India is one of the most established forms of treatment offered to patients across several specialized BMT units and hospitals. One of the main reasons why patients should choose to go for bone marrow transplant in India is that this complex procedure is conducted with extreme care in world-class hospitals and a secure and sterile environment by the experienced experts only.
Bone marrow transplant cost in India is one of the best in the world. This is the reason why so many patients come from around the world, Mauritius, Nigeria, Rwanda, Kenya, Zambia, Tanzania, Uganda and other African countries, and South East Asia, Uzbekistan, Iraq, travel to India to get it done.
Bone marrow transplant cost in India depends on two main reasons – the type of BMT conducted and the type of condition to be treated. The average cost of bone marrow transplant in India for autologous transplant starts from approximately $18000. On the other hand, the cost of allogeneic transplant in India starts from approximately $28000. In certain cases, an allogeneic transplant may be recommended or conducted. Its cost is approximately $7000 in India.
I used to tell my patients, roughly 1 year from diagnosis to recovery (not all of that time is spent in the hospital,obviously). The transplant itself would maybe take 30 days if there are no complications, but a significant number of patients will need several subsequent hospitalizations for minor or major complications (ranging from simple infection to life-threatening complications).
Until now, daily blood tests have been used to assess whether the newly transplanted healthy cells have survived and started to multiply in the bone marrow, a process called engraftment. But it takes two to four weeks, sometimes more, before doctors have an idea about whether the transplant was successful.
The success rate for Autologous Bone-Marrow transplant in India is nearly 96% whereas that of the Allogeneic Bone-Marrow Transplants is 90% where there is a close sibling donor match. The success rate for Bone-Marrow Transplant is higher than that of any other developed country in the world.
HOD, MBBS, MD, DM
15 Years of Experience
Senior Consultant , MBBS, MD, Fellowship
21 Years of Experience
Gurgaon , India
Consultant , DM, MD, MBBS
9 Years of Experience
Dr. Pawan Kumar Singh is a Hematologic Oncologist and Bone Marrow Transplant Surgeon with more than 9 Years of Experience.
Chairman , DNB, MCh, MS, MBBS
30 Years of Experience
New Delhi , India
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