The average cost of Heart Valve Replacement Surgery in India ranges from USD 6,200 to USD 12,000. The cost is dependent on the kind of valve used i.e., Mechanical or a Tissue valve.
Heart Valve replacements could be Aortic Heart Valve Replacement and Mitral Valve Replacement.
Remain in the hospital accounts for approximately 8 days and about 14 days outside the hospital.
Valve Replacement surgeries are tremendously successful today. A current Valve Surgery procedure is TAVI, which aims at replacing the Aortic valve utilizing the transcatheter technique.
Tests Necessary for discovering Valve Replacement are EKG (electrocardiogram), Chest X-Ray, Coronary Angiography, Anxiety Evaluation, and Cardiac MRI.
Heart Valve Replacement surgery is a medical procedure that is performed to replace the damaged valve(s) in the heart due to heart valve disease.
The heart is a blood passage pump made up of muscle tissue. Which contains four chambers, two atria and two ventricles. To regulate the blood flow between these chambers, the heart has four valves. The job of these four valves is to make sure the heart’s blood flows in the right direction. If any of the valve(s) are damaged or diseased, it obstructs or affects the blood flow in the heart in two ways.
Leaky Valve – If the valves don’t close appropriately then it will affect the blood flow, which means it will enable blood flow to leak backward. This condition is named as leaky valve or regurgitation or valve incompetence.
Valve Stenosis – In the second case if the valves don’t open completely, it will obstruct the blood flow. Which is known as valve stenosis or valve narrowing.
People who have heart valve disease will definitely need treatment, based on the patient severity doctor advises to have surgery. This will greatly improve the quality of healthy life.
The main signals of heart valve disorder is an unusual heartbeat noise known as a heart murmur. Lots of people having heart problems disease do not have any signs until they’re middle-aged or elderly. The primary symptoms and signs include:
Treatments for heart disease disorders mostly depends upon the intensity of the disease and symptoms.
For the identification of heart valve disorder, the physician will firstly check for the symptoms and signs. Afterward, a physical examination is done. The commonly advised test are:
Doctor monitor a patient’s symptoms and health condition, depending upon the valve problem the surgeon suggests heart valve surgery. If the diseased heart valve is completely damaged then it is replaced with a new valve.
In heart valve replacement surgery the damaged valve is replaced with mechanical valve(s) or biological valve(s).
Different surgical procedures are followed by surgeons for this heart valve replacement procedure. Which includes open heart surgery, minimally invasive heart surgery, Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The surgical procedure completely depends on the patient’s age, health severity, valve condition, etc.
For example, TAVI the minimal invasive heart valve replacement procedure is performed in adults whose condition is not enough to have open heart surgery.
Heart valve replacement surgery mostly required for aortic valve replacement or mitral valve replacement. In some cases patients need more than one valve replaced or repaired. When it comes to valve replacement two types of heart valves are used by surgeons.
Mechanical valves are typically made with some materials, like, plastic, carbon, or metal. Mechanical valves are solid, and they keep going quite a long while. Usually, blood tends to stick in mechanical valves and forms blood clots. Therefore, patients should take blood-dilution medicines (anticoagulants) for their remaining life.
Biological or Tissue Valves are produced by using animal tissue (xenograft) or taken from the donated heart human tissue (allograft or homograft). In some cases, a patient’s own tissue is also used for valve replacement surgery (autograft). These valves are not as strong as mechanical valves, patients need not take blood-dilution medications. These valves should be replaced for every ten years or whenever required.
Different types of heart valve replacement surgical procedures are available
Doctor decides which type of valves are the best suited for patient’s heart.
There are various surgeries for this ailment. Some of the most common heart surgeries are:
Open Heart Surgery: Surgeon creates a sizable surgical cut from the breastbone to make it to the heart and aorta.
Minimally Invasive Surgery: During this process, quite little cuts are made or it’s done using a catheter, that is inserted through the skin.
Valve repair: When the valve may be repaired, then the surgeon will repair it by
Ring annuloplasty: The ring-like area around the valve is repaired by stitching a ring of plastic, fabric, or tissue around the valve.
Valve repair: During this surgeon’s time, shapes, or one or more of the leaflets of the valve. The leaflets are flaps that open and shut the valve.
Valve replacement: When the valve is too damaged, then a fresh valve is placed. This surgeon will remove the old valve and place a new one set up. The Main Kinds of fresh valves are:
The incision will be closed with sutures or surgical staples and a sterile bandage or dressing will be applied.
Draining tube – small tubes from your chest to drain away any build-up of blood or fluid.
Pacing wires – if necessary, these will be inserted near the chest drains to control your heart rate.
Following are the variables that will affect the treatment price:
A. Surgery is needed when someone undergoes heart valve stenosis or regurgitation along with the related symptoms can’t be managed with drugs.
A: Just like any surgical procedure, patients undergoing heart transplant operations are at risk of disease, reaction to anesthesia, or excessive bleeding. Other risks associated with heart valve operation may abnormal heart rhythms, valve leakage, blood clots, stroke, heart failure, and death.
A. In certain patients, valves have lasted as long as 25 years without any difficulties. But they’re opportunities that fresh artificial valve could endure for the rest of your life. There are instances when a valve needs to be substituted within a matter of months or years, for any range of factors.
A: The patient will probably be counseled to take blood thinners after the replacement.
A. All replacement heart valves are completely safe with x-ray examinations or MRI.
A: An entire recovery following valve replacement may take a couple of months and this may also be dependent on the patient’s overall health before the operation.
A: Advantages to valve repair instead of replacement include:
- lower surgical mortality
- lower risk of stroke
- lower rate of endocardial infection
- After mitral valve repair, blood thinners are not required