The cost of Spinal Fusion Surgery in India varies between USD 4,800 to USD 7,800, depending on the number of spinal levels involved. On the other hand, the cost of Scoliosis Spine Surgery in India ranges from USD 10,500 to USD 11,500.
Following the surgery, patients typically stay in the hospital for about 5 days and then continue recovery for an additional 15 days in India.
Many patients experience relief from pain immediately after the surgery and are advised to start walking on the next day of the operation.
Prior to Spine Surgery, patients may need to undergo tests such as a CT scan, MRI scan, discogram, and X-ray to determine the necessary course of action.
Verified by:- Dr Sandeep Vaishya, Director , MBBS, MS, MCh, Fellowship 25 Years of Experience Gurgaon, India. (Updated On 18/ April/2022)
Spinal fusion is the surgical procedure of combining two or more vertebrae in your spine, eliminating motion between them. spinal fusion surgery involves techniques designed to mimic the normal healing process of broken bones. at the time of Spinal fusion surgery, Your Surgeon placed bone or a bonelike material within the space between two spinal vertebrae. Metal plates, screws and rods may be used to hold the vertebrae together, so they can heal into one solid unit.
Spinal Fusion surgery is generally recommended only when your Surgeon can point out the source of your pain. To do this, your Surgeon may use imaging tests, such as x-rays, computerized tomography (CT) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
Spinal fusion surgery is a major surgical procedure that is used to treat a variety of spinal conditions. While the procedure can be effective in stabilizing the spine and relieving pain, it also carries some risks and potential complications. Here are some common symptoms that patients may experience after spinal fusion surgery:
Pain: Patients may experience pain at the site of the incision, as well as in the back and legs. This pain may be moderate to severe and may require pain medication to manage.
Stiffness: Following surgery, patients may experience stiffness in the back, neck, or shoulders. This can make it difficult to move and may require physical therapy to help regain mobility.
Limited mobility: Patients may have limited mobility following spinal fusion surgery, particularly in the weeks immediately following the procedure. This can make it difficult to perform daily activities such as getting dressed, bathing, or cooking.
Fatigue: Spinal fusion surgery is a major surgical procedure that can take a toll on the body. Patients may experience fatigue and a general feeling of weakness for several weeks following the surgery.
Numbness or tingling: Patients may experience numbness or tingling in the legs or feet following spinal fusion surgery. This is typically due to pressure on the nerves during the procedure and may improve over time.
Infection: Like any surgery, spinal fusion surgery carries a risk of infection. Patients should monitor their incision site for signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, or discharge.
Blood clots: Spinal fusion surgery can increase the risk of blood clots, particularly in patients who are older or have other health conditions that increase the risk of clotting. Patients should monitor for symptoms of blood clots, such as swelling, redness, or warmth in the legs.
If patients experience any of these symptoms after spinal fusion surgery, they should contact their doctor immediately. With proper care and management, most patients can recover from spinal fusion surgery and experience significant improvement in their spinal condition.
Various spinal conditions may be treated though lumbar spinal fusion such as:
Often, the result is more than just a drop in pain. You may find:
There are several types of spinal fusion surgery, and the specific type of surgery recommended will depend on the patient’s spinal condition and the severity of their symptoms. Here are some of the most common types of spinal fusion surgery:
Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF): This type of spinal fusion surgery is used to treat lumbar spinal conditions, such as herniated discs or degenerative disc disease. The surgeon will make an incision in the back and remove the damaged disc material before inserting a bone graft between the vertebrae.
Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF): This procedure is similar to PLIF, but the surgeon makes an incision in the abdomen instead of the back. This approach allows for better access to the front of the spine and can be used to treat similar conditions as PLIF.
Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF): This type of spinal fusion surgery is similar to PLIF, but the surgeon approaches the spine from the side. This approach allows for a more targeted removal of disc material and can be used to treat conditions such as spinal stenosis or spondylolisthesis.
Cervical Fusion: Cervical fusion surgery is used to treat conditions affecting the neck, such as herniated discs or degenerative disc disease. The surgeon will make an incision in the front or back of the neck and insert a bone graft between the vertebrae to promote fusion.
Thoracic Fusion: Thoracic fusion surgery is used to treat conditions affecting the middle or upper back. This type of surgery is less common than lumbar or cervical fusion and is typically only recommended in more severe cases.
These are just a few examples of the different types of spinal fusion surgery that may be recommended to treat various spinal conditions. The specific type of surgery recommended will depend on the patient’s unique needs and the judgment of the surgeon.
You will meet to your surgeon to discuss your pre-admission process, and to ensure you are fit to go ahead with the procedure.
Please inform the team if you are:
You must also inform us prior to attending if you are taking any of the following medications:
Before your Spinal Fusion surgery, Pre-opreative testing may necessary to have blood tests, chest X-ray and an EKG, echo for heart, CT scan or MRI of your spine. it will be done at pre-admission testing department of the Hospital by technician.
If you smoke, it is important you stop well before Spinal Fusion surgery and avoid smoking for a period of at least 6 months afterwards, as this will impede proper healing.
You will be given instructions and supplies to cleanse your lower back area the day prior to your procedure.
Important Reminder:- Ensure that you do not have anything to eat after midnight the night before your surgery. You may drink water only till 2 am.
Spinal fusion surgery is a complex procedure that typically takes several hours to complete. During the surgery, the patient is under general anesthesia and is asleep throughout the procedure. Here are some of the key steps involved in spinal fusion surgery:
Incision: The surgeon makes an incision in the patient’s back, neck, or abdomen, depending on the location of the spinal condition being treated.
Preparation of the spinal vertebrae: The surgeon removes any damaged or diseased disc material, as well as any bone spurs or other debris that may be impinging on the spinal cord or nerves. The surfaces of the vertebrae are then prepared for the fusion process.
Bone graft: A bone graft is then inserted between the vertebrae. This graft can be taken from the patient’s own body (usually the hip or pelvis) or from a donor source. The graft is positioned between the vertebrae and held in place with metal hardware such as screws, rods, or plates.
Fusion: Over time, the bone graft will fuse with the adjacent vertebrae, creating a single, solid bone structure. This process typically takes several months to complete.
Closure: The incision is then closed with sutures or staples, and the patient is moved to a recovery room to begin the post-operative healing process.
Throughout the surgery, the patient’s vital signs are carefully monitored, including heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen saturation levels. The surgeon may also use imaging technology such as X-rays or MRI scans to ensure the accuracy of the procedure.
Overall, spinal fusion surgery is a complex and delicate procedure that requires a skilled surgical team and careful post-operative monitoring to ensure the best possible outcome. Patients can expect to spend several days in the hospital following the surgery and will need to follow a specific recovery plan to promote healing and prevent complications.
You’ll Be Tracked in the hospital for 2-3 days, Possibly required to wear a brace while you recover. You will feel some pain Following an Operation That Is controlled by Drugs.
Bed rest is generally not needed. Rehabilitation might take some time and might be a few months until the bone is solid.
While the healing is continuing the fused spine has to be held in the proper position. You’ll be taught the right way to sit, stand, and walk-in order to not hamper the fusing procedure.
After 3-6 months following surgery, the bone graft should combine the vertebra above and under to form a single strong part of the bone that firmly attaches to the backbone creating permanent fusion, slowly improving your symptoms along with your activity level.
Spinal fusion Surgery is usually a safe procedure, there are risks associated with spinal fusion. Your Surgeon will discuss each of the risks with you before your procedure and will take specific measures to help avoid potential complications. Potential risks and complication of spinal fusion Surgery include:
Q. What is the Success rate of spinal fusion surgery ?
A. Success rate of spinal fusion surgery in terms of pain relief is 90-96%. its depends in Surgeon experience.
Q. How long does spinal fusion surgery take In India?
A. It depends on the level of the fusion and exent of surgery, Generally simple one level fusion surgery takes between 2-3 hours.
Q. How long will I be in the hospital?
A. Your hospital stay will depend on your Medical condition and which surgery has done. Most patients go home between 3-4 days.
Q. Will I need a blood transfusion?
A. Transfusions are rarely needed after spinal Fusion surgery. We do not recommend pre-operative donation of your own blood.
Q. What is the likelihood that I will be relieved of my pain?
A. Approximately, 90% to 95% of patients get relief of their leg pain. Some patients (about 15%) will continue to have noticeable back pain in some situations and may physiotherapy or injection.
Q. What shouldn’t I do after Spinal Fusion surgery?
A. In general, you should limit heavy lifting, bending, twisting, pulling, pushing, and high impact physical activities, including contact sports, until instructed otherwise by your surgeon. You should only lift objects that can be easily lifted with one hand and do not lift above your elbows. If you are a smoker, it is important that you do not smoke because it interferes with bone healing.
Q. Should I avoid physical activity?
A. No. Exercise is good for you! You should get some sort of low-impact aerobic exercise at least three times a week. Walking either outside or on a treadmill, using an exercise bike and swimming (when cleared by your surgeon) are all examples of exercise that is appropriate for spine patients.
Q. How do I manage my surgical discomfort?
A. The best ways to manage your discomfort include:
1. Taking your pain medication as directed
2. Applying ice packs for 15 minutes several times a day
3. Resting in positions that protect your spine
4. Staying active throughout the day, taking frequent breaks
Q. How long will my pain last?
A. The amount of pain varies by the extent of surgery and your tolerance to pain medications. You may need to take prescription pain medications for a few weeks to months after the surgery.
Q. When can I go back to work?
A. This should be discussed individually with your surgeon. It depends on the kind of work you do and how long you must drive to get there. Surgical patients can usually return to sedentary jobs (usually two or three weeks) when they can comfortably sit. If your job requires physical labor, it will take longer before you can return to work. If you need to take time off from work.
Q. Will I need physical therapy?
A. Physical therapy will most likely start four to six weeks after Spinal Fusion surgery. The goal is to develop a long-term, home exercise program that can be continued on a consistent basis. This program will focus on core strengthening, non-impact aerobic exercises, coordination and overall conditioning.
Q. What is the best position for sleeping?
A. It is best to avoid positions that twist your body. Use pillows to support your head, shoulders, trunk and legs. Stay away from soft sofas and beds.