The average cost of Carotid endarterectomy in India starts from $6500 to $9000. Factors that affect the price are:
- Location of the hospital
- Choice of hospital
- Surgeon’s fee
- Duration of stay in Hospital
- Diagnostic test
Carotid endarterectomy is surgery that removes plaque buildup from inside a carotid artery in your neck. This surgery is done to restore normal blood flow to the brain to prevent a stroke if you already have symptoms of reduced blood flow.
Carotid endarterectomy also may be performed preventively if a diagnostic test such as carotid ultrasound shows significant blockage that is likely to trigger a stroke. Carotid endarterectomy is not a cure. Your arteries can become blocked again if your underlying condition, such as high blood cholesterol, is not controlled and causes new plaque buildup.
Doctors may recommend carotid endarterectomy if you have a severe narrowing in your carotid artery. There are several other factors that will be considered other than the degree of blockage in the artery. You may or may not be experiencing symptoms. Your doctor will evaluate your condition and determine whether you’re a candidate for carotid endarterectomy.
If carotid endarterectomy isn’t the best option for you, you might have a procedure called carotid angioplasty and stenting instead of carotid endarterectomy. In this procedure, doctors thread a long hollow tube (catheter) with a small balloon attached through a blood vessel in your neck to the narrowed artery. The balloon is then inflated to widen the artery. A metal mesh tube (stent) is often inserted to decrease the chance of the artery narrowing again.
Carotid artery disease is typically caused by atherosclerosis, a disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries. A similar buildup occurs in the heart’s blood vessels when someone has coronary artery disease. Plaque contains clumps of:
Atherosclerosis can make your carotid arteries narrower and less flexible over time. This limits the amount of blood flow to your organs.
Carotid artery disease can also be the result of other diseases that cause arterial damage.
In its early stages, carotid artery disease often doesn’t produce any signs or symptoms. The condition may go unnoticed until it’s serious enough to deprive your brain of blood, causing a stroke or TIA.
Signs and symptoms of a stroke or TIA include:
Some possible complications of carotid endarterectomy include:
If you are allergic to or sensitive to medicines, contrast dye, iodine, or latex, tell your healthcare provider. Also tell your healthcare provider if you have kidney failure or other kidney problems.
There may be other risks based on your condition. Discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider before the procedure.
Carotid endarterectomy requires a stay in hospital. Procedures may vary based on your condition and your Surgeon practices.
Generally, carotid endarterectomy (CEA) follows this process:
In the hospital
Once you are home, it is important to keep the incision area clean and dry. Your doctor will give you specific bathing instructions. If stitches are used, they will be removed during a follow-up office visit.
You may go back to your normal diet unless your doctor tells you otherwise. It is generally advised to follow a diet that is low in fat and cholesterol.
You should eat vegetables, fruits, low-fat or non-fat dairy products, and lean meats. Avoid foods that are processed or packaged.
A: Carotid Endarterectomy unblocks the plaque accumulated in your carotid artery which will prevent your risk of having a Stroke or TIA in the future.
A: They are the main blood vessels to the neck and head.
A: Carotid artery disease occurs when there is a build up of plaque in the vessels causing blockage or narrowing of the arteries and resulting in a Stroke or TIA.
A: It is the fatty substance that creates blockage in the blood vessels. It is made up of cholesterol, fat, calcium, protein and, cellular waste.
A: People who are ageing, smokers, having had previous stroke or mini-stroke attacks, people with diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure are at greater risk.
A: Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, quitting smoking, controlling weight if obese with plenty of physical activities could go a long way in preventing this disease. Your doctor may also prescribe some medications to control risk factors.
A: Carotid Endarterectomy is recommended depending on the Grading of the severity of the blockage. When a patient has a Moderate or Severe blockage, surgery is then recommended.
A: Certain issues that rule out the surgery are:
A: You will be given either local or general anaesthesia, so it will not be painful. However, you may experience some discomfort in the surgical area which will eventually fade away. If there is any pain, medications are available to alleviate any pain.
A: Recovery can be rapid and may take around 3 to 4 weeks to get back to work. However, you may be asked to stop physical activities for a while.
A: During a follow-up procedure, a Carotid ultrasound will be performed to see whether there is a recurrence or not.
A: Normally, you will have to wait at least 4 – 6 weeks after the surgery to travel long haul. Consulting your surgeon before making travel plans will be the best. Also familiarise yourself with airline policy on patients for maximum benefit.