Spine surgery is a surgical procedure aimed at alleviating back pain from a herniated disk or other issues. This type of surgery may also be performed to change the patient’s spinal structure. Once severe back pain is diagnosed, it may require surgery to correct the problem and alleviate the pain.
Some cases of back pain can be relieved by back surgery, but it is rarely necessary. In most cases, back pain goes away on its own within a few months and with the help of medication to alleviate the pain.
There are several different types of Spine surgery including:
As with all surgery, spine surgery also bears some risks that should be considered these include:
If non-surgical treatments have been tried but were unsuccessful at helping to relieve your back pain and as a result your back pain prevents you from going about your daily activities, spine surgery may be an option. Back or spine surgery is most often successful for pain that is also associated with numbness or pain that travels into one or both legs or arms.
This radiating or referred pain is often caused by pinched or compressed nerves in the spine. A variety of different conditions can cause compression on the nerves, including:
Disk problems: Ruptured (herniated) or bulging discs. These are the cushions that separate your vertebrae (the bones of your spine). Sometimes they can press on spinal nerves and irritate them.
Overgrowth of bone: Conditions such as osteoarthritis may cause excess bone to grow (bone spurs) that limits the amount of space available through which the nerves travel.
Sometimes herniated or bulging discs are present for a long time and cause no pain. They show up on x-rays that were taken for an unrelated condition. This is why it can be difficult to find the exact reason for back pain, even if bone spurs or problems in the discs show up on x-ray.
Spine surgery recovery is needed after a spinal operation and there are several types of spine surgery procedures.
Leg and back pain can be complicated issues that need a team of medical professionals to treat. So before you decide to have back surgery, think about getting a second opinion. Back surgeons often have differences of opinion related to whether surgery is needed, what kind of surgery may be best and what other treatments are available.
After surgery, pain is managed with narcotic medication. Because narcotic pain pills are addictive, they are used for a limited period (1 to 2 weeks). As their regular use can cause constipation, drink lots of water and eat high fiber foods. Laxatives (e.g., Dulcolax, Senokot, Milk of Magnesia) can be bought without a prescription. Thereafter, pain is managed with acetaminophen (e.g., Tylenol).
Hoarseness, sore throat, or difficulty swallowing may occur in some patients and should not be cause for alarm. These symptoms usually resolve in 1 to 4 weeks.
Endoscopic spine surgery is one of the latest advancements in spine surgery technology. It is a type of minimally invasive spine surgery technique which is performed using a small tubular retractor system that is inserted through micro incisions. The visualization of the surgical site and the procedure is performed using an endoscope which is a tube of the size of a pencil, fitted with a high definition camera. As a result, the surgery can be performed with the smallest possible incisions. Endoscopic spine surgery is preferred for spinal conditions like spinal stenosis, infections, medial branch rhizotomy, and interbody fusion, spinal instability including spondylolisthesis, vertebral compression fractures.
Spine surgery for a pinched nerve can usually be done with a minimally invasive approach, and will usually result in early return to normal function (1 to 3 weeks). The success rate for decompression spine surgery is high, with approximately 90% of patients experiencing good relief of the leg pain after the surgery
You may be in the hospital for 3-5 days, longer if you have spinal fusion. Rest is important. But doctors want you out of bed as soon as possible. Most people start physical therapy within 24 hours.
Director , MBBS, MS, MCh, Fellowship
20 Years of Experience Gurgaon, India.
Surgeon Consultant , MBBS, MS
13 Years of Experience, Gurgaon, India.
Director , MBBS, MS, DNB
28 Years of Experience
Gurgaon , India
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