Spine surgery is a surgical procedure aimed at alleviating back pain from a herniated disk or other issues. This type of surgery may also be performed to change the patient’s spinal structure. Once severe back pain is diagnosed, it may require surgery to correct the problem and alleviate the pain.

Some cases of back pain can be relieved by back surgery, but it is rarely necessary. In most cases, back pain goes away on its own within a few months and with the help of medication to alleviate the pain.

Types Of Spine Surgery

There are several different types of Spine surgery including:


  • Discectomy:  This operation involves removing the bulging or herniated part of a disc, which then relieves the inflammation and irritation it was causing to a nerve. In order to access the ruptured disc, the surgeon typically has to remove part or all of the lamina, or back portion, of a vertebra.
  • Laminectomy: In this procedure, the bone that lies over the spinal canal is removed. This relieves pressure on the nerves caused by a narrowing of the spinal canal by creating more room in the canal.
  • Spinal Fusion: This operation reduces pain by making the spine more stable. It is also used occasionally to keep the vertebrae from grinding on each other when a disc is worn out or damaged. The procedure permanently joins two or more vertebrae together, making them immobile.
  • Artificial discs: This is a relatively new alternative to spinal fusion to relieve pain due to a damaged or degenerated disc. For many people, these devices are not an option.
  • Scoliosis Surgery: This is a lateral deviation of the spinal column. Spinal fusion is the most common surgery to correct severe scoliosis. It is typically used to correct curves in the spine that are greater than 45 degrees or for spinal curves that haven’t responded to bracing.

Benefits Of Spine Surgery

  • Patient can move around better.
  • patient more physically fit.
  • patient mood improves.
  • patient don’t need to take as much pain medicine.
  • patient can go back to work.
  • patient more productive at work.

Risk of Spine Surgery

As with all surgery, spine surgery also bears some risks that should be considered these include:

  • Reaction to anesthesia or other drugs
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blood clots, for instance in your legs or lungs
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Herniated disk
  • Nerve damage, which can lead to weakness, paralysis, pain, sexual dysfunction, or loss of bowel or bladder control.

Do you need spine surgery?


If non-surgical treatments have been tried but were unsuccessful at helping to relieve your back pain and as a result your back pain prevents you from going about your daily activities, spine surgery may be an option. Back or spine surgery is most often successful for pain that is also associated with numbness or pain that travels into one or both legs or arms.

This radiating or referred pain is often caused by pinched or compressed nerves in the spine. A variety of different conditions can cause compression on the nerves, including:

Disk problems: Ruptured (herniated) or bulging discs. These are the cushions that separate your vertebrae (the bones of your spine). Sometimes they can press on spinal nerves and irritate them.

Overgrowth of bone: Conditions such as osteoarthritis may cause excess bone to grow (bone spurs) that limits the amount of space available through which the nerves travel.

Sometimes herniated or bulging discs are present for a long time and cause no pain. They show up on x-rays that were taken for an unrelated condition. This is why it can be difficult to find the exact reason for back pain, even if bone spurs or problems in the discs show up on x-ray.

How do specialists diagnose the need for spine surgery

  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scans
  • CT (Computerized Tomography) scans
  • Bone scans
  • Blood tests
  • Nerve studies
  • Spine surgery recovery

Spine surgery recovery is needed after a spinal operation and there are several types of spine surgery procedures.

Consider all options

Leg and back pain can be complicated issues that need a team of medical professionals to treat. So before you decide to have back surgery, think about getting a second opinion. Back surgeons often have differences of opinion related to whether surgery is needed, what kind of surgery may be best and what other treatments are available.

Discharge instructions

After surgery, pain is managed with narcotic medication. Because narcotic pain pills are addictive, they are used for a limited period (1 to 2 weeks). As their regular use can cause constipation, drink lots of water and eat high fiber foods. Laxatives (e.g., Dulcolax, Senokot, Milk of Magnesia) can be bought without a prescription. Thereafter, pain is managed with acetaminophen (e.g., Tylenol).

Hoarseness, sore throat, or difficulty swallowing may occur in some patients and should not be cause for alarm. These symptoms usually resolve in 1 to 4 weeks.

Frequently asked questions.

What is endoscopic spine surgery in India?

Endoscopic spine surgery is one of the latest advancements in spine surgery technology. It is a type of minimally invasive spine surgery technique which is performed using a small tubular retractor system that is inserted through micro incisions. The visualization of the surgical site and the procedure is performed using an endoscope which is a tube of the size of a pencil, fitted with a high definition camera. As a result, the surgery can be performed with the smallest possible incisions. Endoscopic spine surgery is preferred for spinal conditions like spinal stenosis, infections, medial branch rhizotomy, and interbody fusion, spinal instability including spondylolisthesis, vertebral compression fractures.

How much does spine surgery cost in India?

  1. Cervical Discectomy Surgery cost in india – 5000$
  2. Spine Fusion surgery cost in india 7500$
  3. cervical laminectomy  surgery Cost In India 7000$
  4. Scoliosis surgery cost in India 10000$

What is the success rate of spine surgery?

Spine surgery for a pinched nerve can usually be done with a minimally invasive approach, and will usually result in early return to normal function (1 to 3 weeks). The success rate for decompression spine surgery is high, with approximately 90% of patients experiencing good relief of the leg pain after the surgery

How long do you stay in hospital after back surgery?

You may be in the hospital for 3-5 days, longer if you have spinal fusion. Rest is important. But doctors want you out of bed as soon as possible. Most people start physical therapy within 24 hours.

Best Spine Surgeon In India

Dr Sandeep Vaishya

Director , MBBS, MS, MCh, Fellowship
20 Years of Experience Gurgaon, India.

  • Dr Sandeep Vaishya is an awardee of the Herbert Krause Medal and the Sundt Fellowship at Mayo Clinic, USA. He has worked as a faculty in the neurosurgery Department at AIIMS.
  • He specializes in Minimal Invasive and Image Guided Neurosurgery, Intracranial Tumor Surgery including skull base tumors, Functional Neurosurgery.
  • He is also one of the best neurosurgeons in Delhi and Gurgaon for spinal surgeries, peripheral nerve surgeries, and brachial plexus Injuries. He is also a pioneer in India, and a well-known expert in south Asia for Gamma knife surgeries.
Dr Hitesh Garg

Surgeon Consultant , MBBS, MS
13 Years of Experience, Gurgaon, India.

  • Dr. Hitesh Garg has extensive experience in spine surgery having trained from the best spine centers of the world and India. Dr. Garg specializes in the comprehensive treatment of numerous conditions affecting the cervical, thoracic, and lumbosacral spine including degenerative disc disease, scoliosis, trauma, infections, and tumors.
  • He has performed more than 4500 spine surgeries including more than 1500 spinal fusions, 1000 deformity correction procedures (Scoliosis and kyphosis), 150 lumbar and cervical artificial disc replacements. In spite of being offered a faculty position in USA, he chose to come back to India with the aim to establish an advanced spine center of international repute in India.
Best orthopedic surgeons In India

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

Director , MBBS, MS, DNB
28 Years of Experience
Gurgaon , India

  • Dr. Vineesh Mathur has over 25 years of orthopaedic and spinal experience and over 5000 successful independent surgeries to his name. He has worked at leading hospitals all over the world including in Turkey, Spain, Denmark, USA and at Seoul National University Hospital, South Korea. 
  • His expertise and specialization in spinal surgery, deformity and tumors have lead to Dr. Mathur being inducted in to esteemed associations such as the Association of Spine Surgeons of India and the North American Spine Society.

Best Spine Hospitals In Indai

Fortis Hospital. Best Shoulder replacement surgery In India

Established in : 2001

Multi Specialty

Fortis Hospital Gurgaon is the flagship hospital of Fortis Group, it is one of the leading healthcare destination providing world-class integrated services to the community at large. Spread over the sprawling landscape of 11 acres with the capacity of 1000 beds, Fortis Gurgaon brings together an outstanding pool of doctors, assistants and medical staff to treat patients.

Artemis Hospital,Best Shoulder replacement in India

Established in : 2007
Number of Beds : 400
Multi Specialty

Artemis Hospitals in Gurgaon was established in 2007 with a mission to deliver world-class healthcare procedures. It is a multi-specialty hospital offering a wide array of medical care services spread across 9 acres, is a 400 plus bed.

Medanta Hospital

Established in : 2009
Number of Beds : 1250
Multi Specialty

Medanta hospital Gurgaon is one of the top hospitals in india. It is India’s largest multi-super-specialty hospital matching the highest standards of healthcare delivery across the world. The hospital has been founded by Dr. Naresh Trehan a cardiac surgeon who has envisioned with aim of bringing to India the highest standards of medical care along with providing integrated healthcare services to the patients and excellent services in clinical services, research, training, and education.