Overview of  Cancer Treatment:- Cancer can start any place in the body. It starts when cells grow out of control and crowd out normal cells. This makes it hard for the body to work the way it should. This process of growth is highly regulated by systems in place at the cellular level. If there is a dysregulation, due to multi factorial causes, like say, mutation, the cells tend to multiply more rapidly than they should.

Cancer can be treated very well for many people. In fact, more people than ever before lead full lives after cancer treatment.

Here we will explain what cancer is and how it’s treated. You’ll find a list of words about cancer and what they mean at the end of this booklet.


Types Of cancer

Overview of Breast cancer-

Breast cancer starts when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control. These cells usually form a tumor that can often be seen on an x-ray or felt as a lump. The tumor is malignant (cancer) if the cells can grow into (invade)

  • Breast cancer occurs when cell of breast began to grow out of control often from a tumor which can start from a lump.
  • The tumor occurs malignant when the cells grow in the surrounding tissue, i.e spread in the different parts of the body.
  • The cancer can start in all part of the breast, but most cancers start in the inner lining of the milk ducts or globules that supply them with milk, rarely cancer start is the tissue of the breast.

Overview of Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is a slow-growing cancer of the prostate gland.  Prostate cancer is actually a wide spectrum of diseases, with some tumors being aggressive and others that act more benign.

  • Most of the People are not aware about this Cancer which only found in male Patients. Facts reveal that About 1 man in 7 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime.
  • The prostate is the tiny walnut shaped and sized glad present in males in between the bladder and genital organs.

Overview of Colon cancer

Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine (colon), which is the final part of your digestive tract. Most cases of colon cancer begin as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells called adenomatous polyps. Over time some of these polyps can become colon cancers.


Polyps may be small and produce few, if any, symptoms. For this reason, doctors recommend regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer by identifying and removing polyps before they turn into cancer.

Overview of Lung Cancer

Lungs are two spongy organs in your chest that take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. Lung cancer primarily caused by cigarette smoking. There are different types of lung cancer. The most common one is called non-small cell lung cancer. 

The other type of lung cancer is called small cell carcinoma. Each type of cancer grows at different rate and response differently to the treatment. lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among both man and women. Lung cancer results from abnormal growth of cells in the lining of the lungs, leading to the growth of a malignant Tumor.

Overview of Leukemia or blood cancer

Leukemia or blood cancer is a condition when the Reticulocyte which generally consists of 1% of the total white blood cells multiply rapidly corroding the ability of the bone marrow to produce red blood cells and platelets. The rapidly multiplying immature white blood cells impair the growth of healthy white blood cells. Since these immature cells grow rapidly, they become more in number than the healthy ones, gradually.

Signs and symptoms of Cancer

Signs and symptoms caused by cancer will vary depending on what part of the body is affected.

Some general signs and symptoms associated with, but not specific to, cancer, include:

  • Fatigue
  • Lump or area of thickening that can be felt under the skin
  • Weight changes, including unintended loss or gain
  • Skin changes, such as yellowing, darkening or redness of the skin, sores that won’t heal, or changes to existing moles
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • Persistent cough or trouble breathing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Hoarseness
  • Persistent indigestion or discomfort after eating
  • Persistent, unexplained muscle or joint pain
  • Persistent, unexplained fevers or night sweats
  • Unexplained bleeding or bruising.

Types of cancer Treatment

Surgery:- Cancer surgery removes the tumor and nearby tissue during an operation. A doctor who treats cancer with surgery is called a surgical oncologist. the procedure chosen for cancer surgery would depend upon the kind and the grade of the cancerous tumor inside. Let’s check them from one process to the other as under:

Chemotherapy:- Chemotherapy is a part of cancer treatment. Often abbreviated to chemo. It’s an aggressive form of chemical drug treatment which is meant to destroy the fast-growing cancer cells in the body.

Radiation Therapy:- Radiation therapy is an effective procedure for the treatment of cancer. It makes use of high radiations of energy to reduce the cancer tumors and thus, kill the cancer cells. The radiations are X-rays, Gamma rays. 

Immunotherapy:- Immunotherapy as the name suggests is a treatment that is done naturally with the help of your own immunity system. How at the time of trouble we usually trust our loved ones or our own instincts, immunotherapy is based on the same concept. Rather than treating your body with foreign chemicals, doctors treat you with your own immunity. It is also known as biologic therapy. 

Immunotherapy can cure many types of cancer like: Blood cancer, breast cancer, Lung Cancer, Oral/Mouth Cancer, Stomach Cancer, Tumor, Liver Cancer, gall bladder cancer, brain tumor etc

Stem cell therapy:- Stem cells are made by the body’s bone marrow. Stem cells giving the weight training squares including platelets and development factors that advance repair in the body and expels Arthritis of the Shoulder, Knee, Ankle.


Stages of cancer

The most widely used cancer staging system is called the TNM classification system. “The main purpose for staging is to evaluate the extent of cancer spread,” and determine a patient’s prognosis.

The TNM Classification System assigns letters and numbers to the cancer to describe the tumor (T), the lymph nodes (N), and how much the cancer has metastasized (M).


Cancer stages 0 to IV

Once T, N, and M are determined, a doctor will assign the cancer a stage from zero to four. Staging differs a bit from cancer to cancer-sometimes stages are subdivided into A and B categories, for instance-but here’s a ballpark overview of how each stage is diagnosed.


Stage 0 cancer

Truth be told, whether or not stage 0 is the first and earliest stage of cancer or a precancerous stage is up for debate. (And not all cancers have a stage 0.)


For most cancers, stage 0 is called carcinoma in situ (CIS). “Stage 0 typically means that there are cancer cells that haven’t penetrated through the lining or the initial wall.

Stage I and II cancer

In these stages, the cancer is generally in only one area of the body. Stage I cancer is usually smaller in size and stage II is usually larger in size.

Stage III

During this stage, it often means that the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.

Stage IV

This stage typically indicates that the cancer has spread widely throughout the body or has metastasized.

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